More and more women are entering the workforce while more men are contributing to household duties. When becoming a father, men tend to strengthen their economic provision to the family, also by increasing their working hours, while women take leave from employment to care for a child and quite often either stay at home or switch to part-time work until the child starts day care.
Following upon the logic of the interplay between demographic changes and transformation of gender roles as outlined above, we will now address both transitions as well as the organization of family life. The social changes of the s and s caused a cultural revolution that found many women pursuing careers outside the home.
New patterns of educational pairings affect the decision-making processes related to fertility, as a comparative study based on the EU-SILC panel data on 17 countries reveals Nitsche et al. They held some of the most powerful jobs in society, including doctor, lawyer and politician.
Note For Belgium the cohort is displayed instead offor Lithuania the cohort is displayed instead of ; for Poland the cohorts and are displayed instead of and The decline of period fertility rates has been accompanied by the ageing of fertility, that is, a rising mean age at first birth Frejka et al.
These are interpreted in the context of the de-standardized family life course and the growing complexity of family forms and relationships. In recent years, more men have expressed a desire to take on the role of primary caregiver to the children.
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