In its purest form, technical analysis considers only the actual price and volume behavior of the market or instrument. Investors must examine a company's cash flow as it reveals exactly where the money came from how it was utilized. It details the income earned by the company, its cost and the resulting profit or loss.
Lagging indicators are those indicators which follow price action and are commonly referred to as trend following indicators. The schedules detail pertinent information about the items of the balance sheet and profit and loss account.
Technical analysts do not attempt to measure a security's intrinsic value, but instead use charts and other tools to identify patterns that can suggest future activity.
Trends: Trend refers to the direction in which a security or the market is moving. These ratios are generally looked into by creditors of the companies.
The above figure shows the bar chart for Reliance Industries Limited for 3 months period April- June There are many ratios one can calculate and no single ratio can tell the complete story.