The free-response questions will be scored using analytic rubrics, rather than the current holistic rubrics. Scoring guidelines for each of the sample free-response questions in the CED are also available, along with scoring rubrics that apply to the free-response questions, regardless of specific question prompts.
The use of transitions and different text evidence is essential to make paragraphs different. Once a student has said all they have to say in the intro and body paragraphs, what should happen in the conclusion?
What belongs in an introduction? Body paragraphs should build upon each other and present new ideas in each paragraph instead of circling around the same idea. Students often fall into the trap of using body paragraphs to identify something in the text or summarize a passage rather than present and develop why something in the text happens.
Use FlipGrid to record observations. There will also be a consistent range of difficulty in the reading passages across all versions of the exam from year to year. A thesis is a definite must in an introduction; no introduction no matter how long or short is complete without one.
Really, does an AP essay or any essay introduction need to be any more complicated than this? Designed and tested in collaboration with AP teachers, these resources include unit guides that cover the content and skills assessed on the exam, personal progress checks, and a dashboard to highlight strengths and opportunities for growth.
Students should also avoid cliches, first-person pronouns, and a different thesis.
Learn more about the new resources Preparing Students for the Exam Create personalized practice with a library of multiple-choice and free-response AP questions you can assign to students online or on paper using the question bank in AP Classroom.
Now to essay writing — What is the purpose of an introduction in an AP Lit.