An analysis of the views of marx and engels on the communist theory

marxist philosophy

Although there are known techniques for solving this problem now albeit with unwelcome side consequenceswe should recall that the labour theory of value was initially motivated as an intuitively plausible theory of price.

Marxism, as defined here, has had its main influence among workers and intellectuals in capitalist countries, especially in Europe, who have used it as a major tool in defining their problems and constructing political strategies.

karl marx theory

We might, for example, be satisfied with the explanation that the vase broke because it was dropped on the floor, but a great deal of further information is needed to explain why this explanation works. Finally, with only the outline of the future visible from the present, Marx hesitated to burden his analysis of capitalism with material that could not be brought into focus without undermining in the minds of many the scientific character of his entire enterprise.

What applies to painting also applies to science.

Marxist theory definition

Nevertheless, the claims that somehow labour is responsible for the creation of value, and that profit is the consequence of exploitation, remain intuitively powerful, even if they are difficult to establish in detail. Additionally, the state, which has its origins in the bands of retainers hired by the first ruling classes to protect their economic privilege, will disappear as its conditions of existence have disappeared. It was to examine society as it is and point to the possibility of a socialist society to arise from what exists. In the Western countries, even non-Marxist intellectuals, particularly sociologists and historians, have drawn considerable insights from Marx's writings. Responsibility for this state of affairs lies, in the first instance, with Marx himself who never offers a systematic account of the communist society. A precocious schoolchild, Marx studied law in Bonn and Berlin, and then wrote a PhD thesis in Philosophy, comparing the views of Democritus and Epicurus. This leads to crises of "overproduction", capitalism's classic contradiction, in which people are forced to live on too little because they produce too much. Simple cooperation within each functional social unit together with single purpose coordination between them provides communism as an advanced industrial society with all the "administration" it requires. This states not that they always do develop, but that there is a tendency for them to do so. What, then, is communism? It is from the German philosopher, Hegel, that Marx learned a way of thinking about the world, in all its fluid complexity, that is called "dialectics.

Share your experience and knowledge in the comments box below. In the area of production, communist society as a whole, like its individual enterprises, will require the general supervision of managers.

It is not the consciousness of men which determines their existence; it is on the contrary their social existence which determines their consciousness.

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Karl Marx (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)