Rebellion, Camus has insisted, will entail murder. Through his freedom, Sisyphus revolts against the gods and refuses the futility of their punishment by consciously living with passion.
Camus shares their starting point, which he regards as the fact that they all somehow testify to the absurdity of the human condition.
Although Camus believed that absurdity was present in everything; he believes that there is an end to life. Still, Jean-Paul Sartre saw immediately that Camus was undertaking important philosophical work, and in his review of The Stranger in relation to Sisyphus, had no trouble connecting Camus with Pascal, Rousseau, and Nietzsche Sartre Camus realizes that tomorrow is not what humans should be living for because it will never stop until it is too late.
As a journalist he had been one of the few to indict French colonialism, but he does not mention it, except in a footnote. Only if we accept that Nietzsche is right, that God is dead and there is only nothingness after we die, will we then fully experience—feel, taste, touch, see, and smell—the joys of our bodies and the physical world.
Sisyphus accepts and embraces living with death without the possibility of appealing to God.
Public Domain via Unsplash. The Absurd and its Origin There are many things we might naturally call absurd: a rude joke, an outrageous statement, or the price of a pair of designer jeans.
Having critiqued religion in Nuptials, Camus is self-consciously exploring the starting points, projects, weaknesses, illusions, and political temptations of a post-religious universe. In short, he recommends a life without consolation, but instead one characterized by lucidity and by acute consciousness of and rebellion against its mortality and its limits.
Absurdist philosophy fits into the 'despair of defiance' rubric.